Technical Information

Product Description:

One of the first engineering thermoplastics, Polyamide, also known as Nylon, has been available for more than 50 years. Companies have been active in the development of nylon and its uses for nearly the entire past 50 year period. An inherently tough, semi-crystalline material, which is white in color, nylon is the most common engineering thermoplastic in use today. The Polyamide Product line encompasses a full range of individual grades based on Nylon 6, and Nylon 6/6. From un-reinforced grades of Nylon 6 to the enhanced mechanical strength and toughness of a glass fiber reinforced, impact modified grade of nylon 6,6 with 33% glass fibre KASTRADE combines the science behind the polyamide molecule with compounding innovation to deliver unparalleled quality and value.

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Nylon Properties :

The multi-functional application of nylon is due to its extensive combination of properties including:

The multi-functional application of nylon is due to its extensive combination of properties -

  • Toughness at high and low temperatures
  • Abrasion and wear resistance
  • Chemical resistance to may oils, organic solvents, and gasoline impact and fatigue resistance
  • Impact and fatigue resistance
  • Stiffness and retention of properties at elevated temperatures
  • Excellent tensile strength
  • Outstanding weather-ability
  • Exceptional heat resistance
  • Excellent flow properties
  • Good impact properties

Nylons come in a variety of types, each having its own unique combination of properties. These properties can be enhanced by the use of additives such as glass fiber, mineral fillers, flame retardants, toughening agents, and other chemicals.


POPULAR GRADES OF NYLON :

NYLON 6

Nylon 6 is produced by the poly-condensation of caprolactam. These could be glass fiber reinforced and mineral filled grades. Nylon 6 product range includes:

  • Un-reinforced grades for injection molding and extrusion
  • Glass fiber reinforced
  • Hybrid glass/mineral
  • Mineral filled
  • Flame retardant
  • Impact modified (glass reinforced and un-reinforced).

This wide assortment of grades means that a standard grade already exists for most applications.

Nylon 6 materials offer the excellent mechanical, thermal, and chemical resistance properties inherent to nylons, along with improved toughness, elongation, and optimal surface appearance.

NYLON 6/6

Adipic Acid and Hexa-methylene-diamine are poly-condensated to produce Nylon 6/6 polymer. Nylon 6/6 is well established in the automotive and electrical/electronics markets and has been in use for over 50 years. The material maintains high thermal and mechanical properties in combination with good toughness and process-ability. In comparison to Nylon 6, Nylon 6/6 offers higher short and long term temperature resistance, improved electrical properties, and slightly higher mechanical properties. It does not demonstrate the impact resistance of nylon 6 or the surface appearance, in most applications.

Companies offers nylon 6/6 in a wide variety of compounded forms, with glass fiber, mineral, flame retardants, and impact modifiers.

PRODUCT DATA SHEET FOR POLYAMIDE 6,6GF25

Material Characteristics, Test Standards and Results of a typical Polyamide Extrusion

S. No. Characteristics Tested Standard Followed Typical Values
1. Hardness
(Rockwell)
ASTM-D785 D80
2. Tensile Strength
MPas
ASTM-D638 2000
3. TENSILE ELONGATION at BREAK
(%)
ASTM-D638 5
4. FLEXURAL MODULUS
(GPa)
ASTM-D790 105
5. SPECIFIC GRAVITY
(Gms/cm3)
ASTM D 792 1.45
6. COMPRESSIVE MODULUS
(MPa)
ASTM-D695 110
7. MAX OPERATING TEMPERATURE
(0C)
2300
  • Polyamide Profiles retain their properties, characteristics and dimensions in operating temperatures upto 2300 C (1 hour).
  • During Aluminum coloring process, undertaking that conditions are correct, Polyamide Profile's dimensions and the mechanical properties remain stable.
  • The presence of Carbon Black in raw material Polyamide, Profiles are UV resistant.
  • PA-6,6 25% glass reinforced and Aluminum have approximately the same coefficient of linear thermal expansion, their dimensions change the same way with the temperature changes.

SECTION I - COMPANY & PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

  • Trade Name:
    Polyamide Profile
  • Product Code:
    RSPPA Series
  • Company:
    R.K. PROFILES PVT. LTD.
    Plot No. 262-O, Sector 24,
    HARYANA. INDIA
    Tel - +91 129 2236643
    Emergency Phone : +91 129 2238230 or +91 9899119433


SECTION II - HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS & HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

  • Polyamide Resin :
    >70%
  • Fibre Normal & Glass filled:
    >25%
  • Other ingredients like Carbon Black:
    <05%


FIBER REINFORCED POLYAMIDE RESIN

In general, skin irritation has not been produced in human patch tests with this Resin. However, a small percentage of subjects may respond to prolonged contact with redness of skin. Significant skin permeation, and systemic toxicity, after contact appears unlikely. There are no reports of human sensitization.

If particles of Polyamide Strip contact the eye, mechanical irritation with tearing, pain or blurred vision may result.

Carcinogenicity Information

None of the components present in this material are carcinogenous.

Emergency Overview :

Various colors. Solid. No serious effects anticipated under normal conditions of use. No known applicable information.

Acute Potential Health Effects/ Routes of Entry

Inhalation : No specific intervention is indicated as the molding is not likely to be hazardous by inhalation. Consult a physician if necessary. If exposed to fumes from overheating or combustion, move to fresh air. Consult a physician if symptoms persist.

Eyes : Not applicable under normal conditions of use.

Ingestion : No specific intervention is indicated as molding is not likely to be hazardous by ingestion. Consult a physician if necessary.

Skin : The molding is not likely to be hazardous by skin contact, but, cleansing the skin after use is advisable. If molten polymer gets on skin, cool rapidly with cold water. Do not attempt to peel molding polymer from skin. Obtain medical treatment for thermal burn.

Aggravated Medical Conditions

Pre-existing eye, skin and respiratory disorders may be aggravated by exposure.

Chronic Health Effects

Fillers are encapsulated and not expected to be released from product under normal conditions of use.



SECTION III - PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

  • Melting Point:
    3750 C
  • Solubility in Water:
    Insoluble
  • Odor:
    None
  • Form:
    Solid Form
  • Specific Gravity:
    Not Applicable


SECTION IV - Fire and Explosion Hazard Data

  • Flash Point:
    N/A
  • Lower Explosion Limit:
    N/A
  • Upper Explosion Limit:
    N/A
  • Fire Hazard:
    Stable under normal situation. Flammable / Combustible under high heat and flame. Hazardous gases/vapors produced in fire are Ammonia, Carbon Monoxide; small amounts of Hydrogen cyanide and Aldehydes.
  • Fire Fighting Procedures:
    Use full protective equipment and SCBA, filter masks, etc.
  • Extinguishing Media:
    High expansion Foam, Dry Chemical, CO2 and Spray.


SECTION V – REACTIVITY & STABILITY

  • Chemical Stability :
    Stable at normal temperatures and storage conditions.
  • Conditions to Avoid :
    Temperatures above 3000 C
  • Incompatibility with Other Materials :
    Incompatible or can react with strong acids, oxidizing agents.
  • Decomposition :
    Hazardous gases or vapors can be released, including cyclopentanone, carbon monoxide, aldehydes, ammonia.
  • Polymerization :
    Polymerization will not occur.


SECTION VI – WASTE DISPOSAL

Preferred options for disposal are –

1. Recycling

2. Incineration with Energy Recovery

3. Landfill

The high fuel value of this product makes option 2 very desirable for material that cannot be recycled, but , incinerator must be capable of scrubbing out acidic combustion products. Treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal must be in accordance with applicable federal, state/provincial, and local regulations.



SECTION VII – HANDLING & STORAGE

Package the Product in Paper, Plastic Film or Carton Box in order to minimize surface exposure.

Store Under normal Warehouse Conditions in cool, dry and ventilated area.



SECTION VIII – TOXICOLOGICAL & ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Animal Data

Polyamide Strip is not a skin irritant in tests with animals.

In animal testing Polyamide Resin has not caused carcinogenicity. No animal data are available to define developmental, reproductive or mutagenic hazards.

Aquatic Toxicity

No information is available. Toxicity is expected to be low, based on insolubility in water.



SECTION IX - INFORMATION

With appropriate commercial practices, the Polyamide Moldings are safe to handle and in storage. For further information on the material or this MSDS, please contact the Technical Director at R.K. PROFILES PVT. LTD., Faridabad, India.

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