Technical Information

What is ABS

ABS or Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is a common thermoplastic polymer typically used for injection molding applications and recently has become very popular for . ABS primarily is popular due to ease of machinability and its low production cost. At the same time, its natural benefits of affordability and machinability do not hinder the ABS material’s desired properties viz. Impact Resistance, Structural Strength and Stiffness, Chemical Resistance, Excellent High and Low Temperature Performance, Great Electrical Insulation Properties, Easy to Paint and Glue.
ABS plastic attains these physical attributes through the initial creation process. By polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene, chemical “chains” attract each other and bind together to make ABS stronger.

Acrylonitrile: It’s a synthetic monomer produced from ammonia and propylene.

Butadiene: It’s a monomer that results as a bi-product along with ethylene when produced from steam crackers.

Styrene: It’s monomer produced by dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene.

Each monomer unit lends separate properties to the thermoplastic. While Acrylonitrile contributes to its high chemical and heat resistance properties, Butadiene adds strength and toughness and Styrene offers properties like rigidity and processability.

Characteristics of PVC-

As mentioned earlier above, the chemical, physical, mechanical and electrical properties of ABS plastic give it some unique characteristics. It’s relatively low melting point and low gas transition temperature makes it an easy to use material for plastic injection molding as well as for plastic extrusion.

  • ABS can be easily liquefied and extruded as well as molded into complex shapes through injection molding techniques/extrusion system.
  • Its 100% recyclability makes it possible to be melted again and reshaped without any chemical degradation or burning.
  • ABS is considered a very “safe to handle” plastic since it cools down and hardens quickly.
  • Further, it is relatively easy to coat, paint and decorate which makes it a preferred choice for products that depend on a high-quality finish.
  • Its strong impact resistance, heat resistance, and shock absorbance make it a preferred choice for applications that require structure, form, and sturdiness.
  • The lightweight and scratch-resistant characters make it a good choice for facade applications. Since the need here is to substitute metals with an excellent finish lightweight plastic material, ABS works as a wonderful alternative.
  • Finally, its reasonably low production costs make it a very economical solution and choice amongst various other thermoplastic options available in the market.
S. No. Characteristics Tested Standard Followed Typical Values
1 HARDNESS D
(Rockwell)
ASTM D785 100
2 DENSITY
(Gm/cm2)
ASTM D792 1.16
3 TENSILE STRENGTH - at Yield
(5 mm/min)
(Mpa)
ASTM-D638* 380.0
4 FLEXURAL STRENGTH
(6.4mm – at Yield 5 mm/min)
(Mpa)
ASTM D790 600
5 FLEXURAL MODULUS
(6.4 mm – 5 mm/min)
(Mpa)
ASTM D790 18000
6 NOTCHED IZOD IMPACT STRENGTH 6.4 mm (at 230 C)
(Kgfcm/cm)
ASTM-D256 30.0
7 NOTCHED IZOD IMPACT STRENGTH 3.2mm (at 230 C)
(Kgfcm/cm)
ASTM-D256 25.0
8 WATER ABSORBTION
(%)
ISO62 0.2
9 MOISTURE ABSORBTION
(%)
ISO62 0.05
10 OPERATING TEMPERATURE
(Degree Centigrade)
ASTM-D790A -400 to 1250
11 HEAT DEFLECTION TEMPERATURE
(Degree Centigrade)
ASTM D648 850

SECTION I - COMPANY & PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

  • Trade name
    ABS Extrusion Profile
  • Product Code:
    RKPA and RSPA Series
  • Company:
    R.K. PROFILES PVT. LTD.
    Plot No. 262-O, Sector 24,
    HARYANA. INDIA
    Tel - +91 129 2236643
    Emergency Phone : +91 129 2238230 or +91 9899119433


SECTION II - HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS & HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

  • Material:
    CAS Number
  • Acrylonitrile/Butadiene/Styrene:
    9003-56-9
  • Styrene/Acrylonitrile Copolymer:
    9003-54-7
  • Acrylonitrile/Butadiene/Styrene Copolymer:
    100-42-5
  • Residual Acrylonitrile Monomer:
    107-13-1


ABS Profile

In general, skin irritation has not been produced in human patch tests with ABS Profile. However, a small percentage of subjects may respond to prolonged contact with redness of skin. Significant skin permeation, and systemic toxicity, after contact appears unlikely. There are no reports of human sensitization.

If particles of ABS Profiles contact the eye, mechanical irritation with tearing, pain or blurred vision may result.

Carcinogenicity Information

None of the components present in this material are carcinogenous.

Emergency Overview :

Various colors. Solid. No serious effects anticipated under normal conditions of use. No known applicable information.

Acute Potential Health Effects/ Routes of Entry

Inhalation : At Thermal Decomposition small amounts of Styrene, Ethybenzene and Acrylonitrile may be emitted. Exposure of high concentrations of these vapors and fumes could cause nausea, drowsiness, and headache. Consult a Physician if necessary.

Eyes : Not applicable under normal conditions of use.

Ingestion : No specific intervention is indicated as molding is not likely to be hazardous by ingestion. Consult a physician if necessary.

Skin : The molding is not likely to be hazardous by skin contact, but, cleansing the skin after use is advisable. If molten polymer gets on skin, cool rapidly with cold water. Do not attempt to peel molding polymer from skin. Obtain medical treatment for thermal burn.

Aggravated Medical Conditions

Pre-existing eye, skin and respiratory disorders may be aggravated by exposure.

Chronic Health Effects

Additives are encapsulated and not expected to be released from product under normal conditions of use.



SECTION III - PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

  • Melting Point:
    1250 C
  • Solubility in Water:
    Insoluble
  • Odor:
    None
  • Form:
    Solid Form
  • Specific Gravity:
    Not Applicable


SECTION IV - Fire and Explosion Hazard Data

  • Flash Point:
    3880 C – 4000 C
  • Lower Explosion Limit:
    4900 C
  • Upper Explosion Limit:
    5100 C
  • Fire Hazard:
    Stable under normal situation. Flammable / Combustible under high heat and flame. Hazardous gases/vapors produced in fire are Styrene, Ethybenzene and Acrylonitrile may be emitted.
  • Fire Fighting Procedures:
    Use full protective equipment and SCBA, filter masks, etc.
  • Extinguishing Media:
    High expansion Foam, Dry Chemical, CO2 and Spray.


SECTION V – REACTIVITY & STABILITY

  • Chemical Stability :
    Stable at normal temperatures and storage conditions.
  • Conditions to Avoid :
    Temperatures above 1000 C.
  • Incompatibility with Other Materials :
    Incompatible or can react with strong acids, oxidizing agents.
  • Decomposition :
    Hazardous gases or vapors can be released, including Styrene, Ethybenzene and Acrylonitrile may be emitted.
  • Polymerization :
    Polymerization will not occur.


SECTION VI – WASTE DISPOSAL

Preferred options for disposal are –

1. Recycling

2. Incineration with Energy Recovery

3. Landfill

The high fuel value of this product makes option 2 very desirable for material that cannot be recycled, but , incinerator must be capable of scrubbing out acidic combustion products. Treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal must be in accordance with applicable federal, state/provincial, and local regulations.



SECTION VII – HANDLING & STORAGE

Package the Product in Paper, Plastic Film or Carton Box in order to minimize surface exposure. Store Under normal Warehouse Conditions in cool, dry and ventilated area.



SECTION VIII – TOXICOLOGICAL & ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Animal Data

ABS is not a skin irritant in tests with animals.

In animal testing ABS has not caused carcinogenicity. No animal data are available to define developmental, reproductive or mutagenic hazards.

Aquatic Toxicity

No information is available. Toxicity is expected to be low, based on insolubility in water.



SECTION IX - INFORMATION

With appropriate commercial practices, the Rigid ABS Profiles are safe to handle and in storage. For further information on the material or this MSDS, please contact the Technical Director at R.K. PROFILES PVT. LTD., Faridabad, India.

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